Laminate Flooring: Definition, Components, Maintenance and Repair

Definition of Laminate Flooring

Laminate flooring is a durable multi-layered synthetic material made out of a lamination process. Its durability is due to the availability of an inner core layer that consists of resin, fibreboard materials and melamine. Laminate flooring popularity has rapidly grown as it is easy to install, easy to maintain, and less costly than other traditional types of flooring such as hardwood flooring.

Components of Laminate Flooring

Laminate flooring consists of four layers combined in a single operation using high heat and direct pressure. Each of the four layers has a unique purpose. Let’s elaborate on the four layers.

  1. Back layer: This is the bottom layer that seals the laminate board, balances the floor and is responsible for keeping the board straight.
  2. Core layer: It is a long-lasting, high-density board found on top of the back layer that prevents entry of moisture and provides strong stability, making a better floor.
  3. Design layer: It is a high quality printed decorative paper that gives the laminate plank an attractive appearance, and it’s located above the core layer.
  4. Wear layer: It is the topmost and clear layer that protects the design layer from direct sunlight that bleach the colour, causing fades and stains on the floor surface.

Maintenance and Repair

Laminate floors are easily cleaned with laminate floor cleaners, a broom, or a slightly damp mop to avoid excessive water from seeping between the boards, therefore, causing swelling. Waxing is unnecessary for laminate floors because it doesn’t tolerate pools of water that appear in laundry rooms, bathrooms and kitchens. A waterproof surface is needed in such areas with heavy moisture, such as porcelain tile or vinyl.

The wear layer in the laminate flooring protects the design layer underneath, making it very resistant to stains, dents and scratches, making it easy to clean. A heavily worn, grooved or scratched laminate flooring has to be replaced, unlike solid wood that can be refinished.